• GaN on sapphire GaN Epitaxy Template on Sapphire 2inch 4inch 6inch 8inch
  • GaN on sapphire GaN Epitaxy Template on Sapphire 2inch 4inch 6inch 8inch
  • GaN on sapphire GaN Epitaxy Template on Sapphire 2inch 4inch 6inch 8inch
  • GaN on sapphire GaN Epitaxy Template on Sapphire 2inch 4inch 6inch 8inch
GaN on sapphire GaN Epitaxy Template on Sapphire 2inch 4inch 6inch 8inch

GaN on sapphire GaN Epitaxy Template on Sapphire 2inch 4inch 6inch 8inch

Product Details:

Place of Origin: China
Brand Name: ZMSH
Model Number: GaN on sapphire

Payment & Shipping Terms:

Minimum Order Quantity: 1
Delivery Time: 2-4 weeks
Payment Terms: T/T
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Detail Information

Wafer Material: GaN Silicon Stain: No
Scratches: <2:s5mm Small Hills And Pits: None
Conductivity Type: N-type P-type Semi-insulating Carrier Concentration Cm3 For N Type: >1x1018
Carrier Concentration Cm3 For P Type: >1x1017 Mobility Cm3/1_s%22 For N Type: ≥150
Mobility Cm3/1_s%22 For P Type: ≥5 Resistivity Ohm- Cm: <0.05

Product Description

GaN on sapphire GaN Epitaxy Template on Sapphire 2inch 4inch 6inch 8inch

 

Abstract:

 

Gallium Nitride (GaN) on Sapphire epitaxy templates are cutting-edge materials available in N-type, P-type, or semi-insulating forms. These templates are designed for the preparation of advanced semiconductor optoelectronic devices and electronic devices. The core of these templates is a GaN epitaxial layer grown on a sapphire substrate, resulting in a composite structure that leverages the unique properties of both materials to achieve superior performance.

 

Structure and Composition:

  1. Gallium Nitride (GaN) Epitaxial Layer:

    • Single Crystal Thin Film: The GaN layer is a single crystal thin film, which ensures high purity and excellent crystallographic quality. This property is essential for minimizing defects and dislocations, thereby enhancing the performance of the devices fabricated on these templates.
    • Material Properties: GaN is known for its wide bandgap (3.4 eV), high electron mobility, and high thermal conductivity. These properties make it ideal for high-power and high-frequency applications, as well as for devices that operate in harsh environments.
  2. Sapphire Substrate:

    • Mechanical Strength: Sapphire (Al2O3) is a robust material with exceptional mechanical strength, which provides a stable and durable foundation for the GaN layer.
    • Thermal Stability: Sapphire has excellent thermal properties, including high thermal conductivity and thermal stability, which help in dissipating heat generated during device operation and maintaining device integrity at high temperatures.
    • Optical Transparency: The transparency of sapphire in the ultraviolet to infrared range makes it suitable for optoelectronic applications, where it can serve as a transparent substrate for emitting or detecting light.

Types of GaN on Sapphire Templates:

  1. N-type GaN:

    • Doping and Conductivity: N-type GaN is doped with elements such as silicon (Si) to introduce free electrons, enhancing its electrical conductivity. This type is widely used in devices like high-electron-mobility transistors (HEMTs) and light-emitting diodes (LEDs), where high electron concentration is crucial.
  2. P-type GaN:

    • Doping and Hole Conductivity: P-type GaN is doped with elements such as magnesium (Mg) to introduce holes (positive charge carriers). P-type GaN is essential for creating p-n junctions, which are the building blocks of many semiconductor devices, including LEDs and laser diodes.
  3. Semi-insulating GaN:

    • Reduced Parasitic Capacitance: Semi-insulating GaN is used in applications where minimizing parasitic capacitance and leakage currents is critical. This type is ideal for high-frequency and high-power electronic devices, ensuring stable performance and efficiency.

Manufacturing Processes:

  1. Epitaxial Deposition:

    • Metal-Organic Chemical Vapor Deposition (MOCVD): This technique is commonly used for growing high-quality GaN layers on sapphire substrates. MOCVD allows precise control over the film thickness, composition, and doping levels, resulting in uniform and defect-free layers.
    • Molecular Beam Epitaxy (MBE): Another method for growing GaN layers, MBE offers excellent control at the atomic level, which is beneficial for research and development of advanced device structures.
  2. Diffusion:

    • Controlled Doping: The diffusion process is used to introduce dopants into specific regions of the GaN layer, modifying its electrical properties to suit various device requirements.
  3. Ion Implantation:

    • Precise Doping and Damage Repair: Ion implantation is a technique for introducing dopants with high precision. Post-implantation annealing is often used to repair any damage caused by the implantation process and activate the dopants.

Special Features:

  • Non-PS (SSP) Templates: These templates are designed to be used alongside PS wafers for planar runs, which can help achieve clearer reflectance measurements. This feature is particularly useful in quality control and optimization of optoelectronic devices.
  • Low Lattice Mismatch: The lattice mismatch between GaN and sapphire is relatively low, reducing the number of defects and dislocations in the epitaxial layer. This results in better material quality and improved performance of the final devices.

Applications:

  • Optoelectronic Devices: GaN on Sapphire templates are widely used in LEDs, laser diodes, and photodetectors. The high efficiency and brightness of GaN-based LEDs make them ideal for general lighting, automotive lighting, and display technologies.
  • Electronic Devices: The high electron mobility and thermal stability of GaN make it suitable for high-electron-mobility transistors (HEMTs), power amplifiers, and other high-frequency and high-power electronic components.
  • High-Power and High-Frequency Applications: GaN on Sapphire is essential for applications requiring high power and high-frequency operation, such as RF amplifiers, satellite communication, and radar systems.

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For more detailed specifications of GaN on Sapphire, including electrical, optical, and mechanical properties, please refer to the following sections. This detailed overview highlights the versatility and advanced capabilities of GaN on Sapphire templates, making them an optimal choice for a wide range of semiconductor applications.

 

Photos:

 

GaN on sapphire GaN Epitaxy Template on Sapphire 2inch 4inch 6inch 8inch 3GaN on sapphire GaN Epitaxy Template on Sapphire 2inch 4inch 6inch 8inch 4

 

Properties:

 

Electrical Properties:

  1. Wide Bandgap:

    • GaN: Approximately 3.4 eV
    • Allows for high-voltage operation and better performance in high-power applications.
  2. High Breakdown Voltage:

    • GaN can withstand high voltages without breaking down, making it ideal for power devices.
  3. High Electron Mobility:

    • Facilitates fast electron transport, leading to high-speed electronic devices.

Thermal Properties:

  1. High Thermal Conductivity:

    • GaN: Approximately 130 W/m·K
    • Sapphire: Approximately 42 W/m·K
    • Efficient heat dissipation, crucial for high-power devices.
  2. Thermal Stability:

    • Both GaN and sapphire maintain their properties at high temperatures, making them suitable for harsh environments.

Optical Properties:

  1. Transparency:

    • Sapphire is transparent in the UV to IR range.
    • GaN is typically used for blue to UV light emission, important for LEDs and laser diodes.
  2. Refractive Index:

    • GaN: 2.4 at 632.8 nm
    • Sapphire: 1.76 at 632.8 nm
    • Important for designing optoelectronic devices.

Mechanical Properties:

  1. Hardness:

    • Sapphire: 9 on the Mohs scale
    • Provides a durable substrate that resists scratching and damage.
  2. Lattice Structure:

    • GaN has a wurtzite crystal structure.
    • The lattice mismatch between GaN and sapphire is relatively low (~16%), which helps in reducing defects during epitaxial growth.

Chemical Properties:

  1. Chemical Stability:
    • Both GaN and sapphire are chemically stable and resistant to most acids and bases, which is important for device reliability and longevity.

These properties highlight why GaN on Sapphire is extensively used in modern electronic and optoelectronic devices, offering a combination of high efficiency, durability, and performance under demanding conditions.

 

 

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